Germany targets switch to 100% renewables for its electricity by 2050

7/7/2010 Guardian  Germany could derive all of its electricity from renewable energy sources by 2050 and become the world’s first major industrial
nation to kick the fossil-fuel habit,the country’s Federal Environment Agency said today.
The country already gets 16% of its electricity from wind, solar and other
renewable sources – three times’ higher than the level it had achieved 15 years
“A complete conversion to renewable energy by 2050 is possible from a technical
and ecological point of view,” said Jochen Flasbarth, president of the Federal
Environment Agency.
“It’s a very realistic target based on technology that already exists – it’s not
a pie-in-the-sky prediction,” he said.
Thanks to its Renewable Energy Act, Germany is the world leader in
photovoltaics: it expects to add more than 5,000 megawatts of photovoltaic
capacity this year to reach a total of 14,000 megawatts. It is also the
second-biggest wind-power producer after the United States. Some 300,000
renewable energy jobs have been created in Germany in the last decade.
The government has set goals for cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 40% between
1990 and 2020, and by 80-85% by 2050. That goal could be achieved if Germany
switches completely to renewable sources by 2050, Flasbarth said.
About 40% of Germany’s greenhouse gases come from electricity production, in
particular, from coal-fired power plants.
Flasbarth said the Environment Agency’s study found that switching to green
electricity by 2050 would have economic advantages, especially for the vital
export-oriented manufacturing industry. It would also create tens of thousands
of jobs.
“The costs of a complete switch to renewables are a lot less than the costs to
future generations that climate change will cause,” he said.
Last month a report by the UK’s Centre for Alternative Technology in
Machynlleth, mid Wales, said Britain could eliminate all its carbon emissions by
2030 by overhauling its power supply.
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